Knowledge Tell three interesting elements of this chapter: New technology is like a trade-off: It is also ecological, in other words natural therefore it is not additive. Comprehension Summarize what is being discussed within this chapter?
May 2, By Arthur W. To rank Postman up there with the author and apologist C. This is not to say that the entire evangelical community is familiar with Postman or would agree with the basic thrust of his writings, for evangelicalism is a big pond with an assortment of diverse fish, many paying no attention whatsoever to the water in which they swim.
It would be more accurate to say that it is a particular kind of evangelical fish that likes to quote Postman—a reflective fish, a Reformed fish, a confessional fish, a fish out of water. This article attempts to explain why certain evangelicals consider Postman, if not their favorite teacher, at least one of their favorite teachers, despite never having sat in a classroom with him or ever hearing of something called the New York School.
First, a definition of evangelicalism is in order, coupled with a description of the sort of evangelical that affectionately leans upon Postman. What Is an Evangelical Anyway? According to a Gallup survey, roughly 4 out of 10 Americans identify themselves as evangelical or born-again Christians Tolson, Billy Graham, whose ministry began in the s with citywide crusades, is often regarded as the elder statesman of modern American evangelicalism.
But one must go back to the s and the preaching of Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield to understand the beginnings of a movement that shook both America and Great Britain.
Edwards believed a personal relationship with God wrought by a conversion experience was in keeping with the spirit of the Reformation as articulated by Martin Luther and John Calvin.
British historian David Bebbington identifies four common elements within evangelicalism: Although the Great Awakening was felt in both Great Britain and its colonies, its subsequent repercussions in America have been multifaceted.
While Edwards was a Congregationalist and Whitefield was an Anglican, revivalism in the nineteenth century found expression among the Presbyterians, Baptists, Methodists, Lutherans, Dutch and German Reformed, and some Episcopalians. Today many African American churches, independent congregations, and Pentecostal groups would classify themselves as evangelicals.
Interestingly, evangelicalism has both shaped the culture and been shaped by the culture. Noll says the movement has always been diverse, flexible, adaptable, and multiform. After the Great Awakening, American evangelicalism became more populist or individualistic in comparison with European Protestantism, which historically could be buttressed by the powers of the state.
For example, the rise of fundamentalism in the s was largely a leader-lead movement against elements of modernity perceived to be threatening to the faith e. Darwinism and higher criticism of Scripture. Separated from the Northern mainline denominations from which they seceded, fundamentalists developed their own subcultures of colleges, missionary enterprises, and parachurch organizations.
The downside of these separatist tendencies was further isolation from the culture evangelicals wanted to influence.
During the s many conservative evangelical groups grew faster than the general population, despite being almost invisible to cultural elites and gatekeepers Noll, Billy Graham is credited with preaching the gospel to a wide-as-possible audience, and in doing so he also sought to break down walls that separated fundamentalists and modernists.
The founding of the magazine Christianity Today and a host of Christian publishing houses like Baker, Eerdmans, and Zondervan created outlets for Christians who wanted to encourage the faithful and at the same time engage the larger culture.
Noll claims the diversity that has always existed within North American evangelicalism has become more pronounced in recent decades. This diversity becomes even more apparent when looking at how the movement has attached itself to politics.
Black evangelicals have tended to vote Democrat, and conservative White evangelicals have tended to vote Republican. While the elimination of prayer in the public schools in the s and the subsequent legalizing of abortion in galvanized many conservative evangelicals to be more pro-active in their voting behavior, theological affiliation is not a hard determinate of political affiliation.
President Reagan, who was ushered into the White House with the help of the religious right, belonged to a liberal church body Presbyterian Church USA. Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton, moderately liberal Democrats, both belong to a conservative church body—the Southern Baptist Convention.
Noll reports that with the decline of older, mainline Protestant churches, evangelicals worry less about theological liberalism and more about multiculturalism, postmodernism, and the general secularization of public life.
Evangelicals do not always agree on how to best reach an increasingly relativistic culture that shops around for religion in the same way that it surfs for television programs. Because much of modern evangelicalism mirrors, often unconsciously, the same entrepreneurial, individualistic, and pragmatic values that shaped America, corporation-like mega-churches increasingly became the model for successful ministry.
Wells observes that these new churches sprang up like mushrooms across the American landscape. Gone, very often are the familiar church buildings, and in their place are those that look more like low-slung corporate headquarters or country clubs.
Inside, a cyclone of change has ripped out the crosses, the pews, the eighteenth-century hymns, the organs, the biblical discourses. In their place are contemporary songs, drums, cinema-grade seats, light discourses, professional singers, drama, and humor.Neil Postmans Brave New World and George Orwells and popular essays ghostwriter website for mba, biology report samples.
best cover letter writing website gbcheap biography editor sites usdo my business dissertation proposalcheap home work writers sites. Neil Postman, author of “Future Schlock,” points out how mediocre American human intelligence is due to all the technology around us.
According to Postman, America was once called “the empire of reason” because it was founded by intellectuals; Henry Steele Commager was the gentleman who coined this phrase, however, he was aptly referring to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Essay on A Critique of Chapter 11 in Neil Postman's Technopoly - A Critique of Chapter 11 in Neil Postman's Technopoly In chapter 11 (The Loving Resistance Fighter) of the book Technopoly, published in , Neil Postman focuses on a solution to the problems created by Technopoly.
Neil Postman asserts that “Technology is a friend” but spends the entire book showing that it is a monster that controls humankind. We have been technopolized, dominated by technology running. Relying heavily on Postman’s Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology, Veith notes that emerging information technologies, and those who control them, form a new socio-political order.
In this sense, Veith agrees with Postman that technology is often at odds with tradition. Neil Postman explains his five different ideas about ever-changing technology. His first idea is that it is a “trade-off’ because when there are positive effects there must be negatives as well.
The 2 nd idea is that technology is unevenly distributed therefore people will be winners or losers to these changes.