It is always interesting to study other cultures and it is extremely important to do just that if you are going to have interactions with them. China is one of those interesting cultures mainly because what we usually know about the country is through movies or the local Chinese restaurant. Sincere study of a culture is the only way to truly appreciate the differences.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. March Herodotus Histories 3. If anyone, no matter who, were given the opportunity of choosing from amongst all the nations in the world the set of beliefs which he thought best, he would inevitably—after careful considerations of their relative merits—choose that of his own country.
Everyone without exception believes his own native customs, and the religion he was brought up in, to be the best; and that being so, it is unlikely that anyone but a madman would mock at such things. Aubrey de Selincourt He mentions an anecdote of Darius the Great who illustrated the principle by inquiring about the funeral customs of the Greeks and the Callatiaepeoples from the extreme western and eastern fringes of his empire, respectively.
The epistemological claims that led to the development of cultural relativism have their origins in the German Enlightenment.
The philosopher Immanuel Kant argued that human beings are not capable of direct, unmediated knowledge of the world. All of our experiences of the world are mediated through the human mind, which universally structures perceptions according to a priori concepts of time and space.
Although Kant considered these mediating structures universal, his student Johann Gottfried Herder argued that human creativity, evidenced by the great variety in national culturesrevealed that human experience was mediated not only by universal structures, but by particular cultural structures as well.
As a methodological and heuristic device[ edit ] According to George Marcus, Michael Fischer, and Sam Bohart, 20th century social and cultural anthropology has promised its still largely Western readership enlightenment on two fronts.
The one has been the salvaging of distinct cultural forms of life from a process of apparent global Westernization. With both its romantic appeal and its scientific intentions, anthropology has stood for the refusal to accept this conventional perception of homogenization toward a dominant Western model.
He understood "culture" to include not only certain tastes in food, art, and music, or beliefs about religion.
He assumed a much broader notion of culture, defined as the totality of the mental and physical reactions and activities that characterize the behavior of the individuals composing a social group collectively and individually in relation to their natural environment, to other groups, to members of the group itself, and of each individual to himself.
The principle of cultural relativism thus forced anthropologists to develop innovative methods and heuristic strategies. As a methodological tool[ edit ] Between World War I and World War II, "cultural relativism" was the central tool for American anthropologists in this rejection of Western claims to universality, and salvage of non-Western cultures.
This is most obvious in the case of language. Although language is commonly thought of as a means of communication, Boas called attention especially to the idea that it is also a means of categorizing experiences, hypothesizing that the existence of different languages suggests that people categorize, and thus experience, language differently this view was more fully developed in the hypothesis of Linguistic relativity.
Thus, although all people perceive visible radiation the same way, in terms of a continuum of color, people who speak different languages slice up this continuum into discrete colors in different ways. Some languages have no word that corresponds to the English word "green".
When people who speak such languages are shown a green chip, some identify it using their word for blue, others identify it using their word for yellow. They thought that this meant that the languages were unorganized and lacked strict rules for pronunciation, and they took it as evidence that the languages were more primitive than their own.Comparison and Contrast between Chinese and English Education Cultures [pic] 管理学院 财务管理 沈颖 Comparison and Contrast between Chinese and English Education Cultures 管理学院财务管理 沈颖 Abstract: The difference between Chinese and British education will bring a huge impact on the will-be overseas Chinese students.
English you is used for everyone, making no distinctions for social standing or levels of formality and informality. Like almost every language other than English, German makes a distinction between the formal you (Sie) and the familiar you (du).
Apr 20, · In this case, you're learning English, so congratulations.
But a lot of students, they learn the language, and they kind of forget about the culture, like it doesn't really matter. Keywords: Cultural comparison, English family names, Chinese family names, Origin, Name order The word “culture” comes from the Latin root “colere” (to inhabit, to cultivate, or to honor).
In general, it refers to human activity; different definitions of culture reflect different theories for understanding, or criteria for valuing, human activity. History & Culture > Cultural Comparisons > Cultural Comparisons – Part 2 In the charts below you’ll find a simplified comparison of various customs and everyday culture in the United States and Germany (Deutschland).
Cross-Cultural Comparison of English and Chinese Metapragmatics in Refusal. Chen, Hongyin Julie A study exploring native English-speakers' and advanced Chinese English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners' beliefs about how a face-threatening speech act, refusal, should be expressed is reported.