By Saul McLeodupdated In social learning theory, Albert Bandura agrees with the behaviorist learning theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning.
Skinner delivered a series of lectures in Sunyani Fiapre, Ghana on verbal behavior, putting forth a more empirical approach to the subject than existed in psychology at the time. He did however mention that some forms of speech derived from words and sounds that had previously been heard echoic responseand that reinforcement from parents allowed these 'echoic responses' to be pared down to that of understandable speech.
While he denied that there was any "instinct or faculty of imitation",  Skinner's behaviorist theories formed a basis for redevelopment into Social Learning Theory.
At around the same time, Clark Lewis Hullan American psychologist, was a strong proponent of behaviorist stimulus-response theories,  and headed a group at Yale University 's Institute of Human Relations. Under him, Neil Miller and John Dollard aimed to come up with a reinterpretation of psychoanalytic theory in terms of stimulus-response.
This led to their book, Social Learning Theory, published inwhich posited that personality consisted of learned habits. They used Hull's drive theorywhere a drive is a need that stimulates a behavioral response, crucially conceiving a drive of imitation, which was positively reinforced by social interaction and widespread as a result.
In his theory, the social environment and individual personality created probabilities of behavior, and the reinforcement of these behaviors led to learning. He emphasized the subjective nature of the responses and effectiveness of reinforcement types.
He theorized that "human beings are somehow specially designed to" understand and acquire language, ascribing a definite but unknown cognitive mechanism to it.
Bandura began to conduct studies of the rapid acquisition of novel behaviors via social observation, the most famous of which were the Bobo doll experiments. Theory[ edit ] Social Learning Theory integrated behavioral and cognitive theories of learning in order to provide a comprehensive model that could account for the wide range of learning experiences that occur in the real world.
As initially outlined by Bandura and Walters in  and further detailed in key tenets of Social Learning Theory are as follows: Learning can occur by observing a behavior and by observing the consequences of the behavior vicarious reinforcement. Learning involves observation, extraction of information from those observations, and making decisions about the performance of the behavior observational learning or modeling.
Thus, learning can occur without an observable change in behavior. Reinforcement plays a role in learning but is not entirely responsible for learning. The learner is not a passive recipient of information. Cognition, environment, and behavior all mutually influence each other reciprocal determinism.
Observation and direct experience[ edit ] Typical stimulus-response theories rely entirely upon direct experience of the stimulus to inform behavior.
Bandura opens up the scope of learning mechanisms by introducing observation as a possibility. An important factor in Social Learning Theory is the concept of reciprocal determinism.
This notion states that just as an individual's behavior is influenced by the environment, the environment is also influenced by the individual's behavior. For example, a child who plays violent video games will likely influence their peers to play as well, which then encourages the child to play more often.
This could lead to the child becoming desensitized to violence, which in turn will likely affect the child's real life behaviors. Bandura outlined three types of modeling stimuli: Live models, where a person is demonstrating the desired behavior Verbal instruction, in which an individual describes the desired behavior in detail and instructs the participant in how to engage in the behavior Symbolic, in which modeling occurs by means of the media, including movies, television, Internet, literature, and radio.
Stimuli can be either real or fictional characters. Exactly what information is gleaned from observation is influenced by the type of model, as well as a series of cognitive and behavioral processes, including: Experimental studies  have found that awareness of what is being learned and the mechanisms of reinforcement greatly boosts learning outcomes.
Attention is impacted by characteristics of the observer e. In this way, social factors contribute to attention — the prestige of different models affects the relevance and functional value of observation and therefore modulates attention.
Retention — In order to reproduce an observed behavior, observers must be able to remember features of the behavior. Again, this process is influenced by observer characteristics cognitive capabilities, cognitive rehearsal and event characteristics complexity.The social learning theory proposed by Albert Bandura has become perhaps the most influential theory of learning and development.
While rooted in many of the basic concepts of traditional learning theory, Bandura believed that direct reinforcement could not account for all types of learning.
Bandura concluded that children learn aggression, violence, and other social behaviors through observation learning, or watching the behaviors of others. Learning Through Behavior In Humans and. Psychologist Albert Bandura integrated these two theories and came up with This integrative approach to learning was called social learning theory.
Bandura developed what famously became known. Bandura - Social Learning Theory By Saul McLeod, updated In social learning theory, Albert Bandura () agrees with the behaviorist learning theories of classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Created Date: 9/11/ PM.
Albert Bandura, (born Dec. 4, , Mundare, Alta., Can.), Canadian-born American psychologist and originator of social cognitive theory who is probably best known for his modeling study on aggression, referred to as the “Bobo doll” experiment, which demonstrated that children can learn behaviours through the observation of adults.