Germany, Berlin and the Berlin Wall This page contains a collection of Cold War quotations, made by political leaders, notable figures and historians, pertaining to the two Germanysthe divided Berlin and the Berlin Wall. These quotations have been researched and compiled by Alpha History authors. We welcome contributions and suggestions for these pages.
Visit Website Even though Berlin was located entirely within the Soviet part of the country it sat about miles from the border between the eastern and western occupation zonesthe Yalta and Potsdam agreements split the city into similar sectors.
The Soviets took the eastern half, while the other Allies took the western. This four-way occupation of Berlin began in June The Russians began maneuvering to drive the United States, Britain and France out of the city for good. Ina Soviet blockade of West Berlin aimed to starve the western Allies out of the city.
Instead of retreating, however, the United States and its allies supplied their sectors of the city from the air. This effort, known as the Berlin Airliftlasted for more than a year and delivered more than 2.
The Soviets called off the blockade in After a decade of relative calm, tensions flared again in For the next three years, the Soviets—emboldened by the successful launch of the Sputnik satellite the year before and embarrassed by the seemingly endless flow of refugees from east to west nearly 3 million since the end of the blockade, many of them young skilled workers such as doctors, teachers and engineers —blustered and made threats, while the Allies resisted.
Summits, conferences and other negotiations came and went without resolution.
Meanwhile, the flood of refugees continued. The following month, 30, fled. In the first 11 days of August, 16, East Germans crossed the border into West Berlin, and on August 12 some 2, followed—the largest number of defectors ever to leave East Germany in a single day.
Building the Wall That night, Premier Khrushchev gave the East German government permission to stop the flow of emigrants by closing its border for good.
In just two weeks, the East German army, police force and volunteer construction workers had completed a makeshift barbed wire and concrete block wall —the Berlin Wall—that divided one side of the city from the other.
Before the wall was built, Berliners on both sides of the city could move around fairly freely: They crossed the East-West border to work, to shop, to go to the theater and the movies.
Trains and subway lines carried passengers back and forth. After the wall was built, it became impossible to get from East to West Berlin except through one of three checkpoints: Eventually, the GDR built 12 checkpoints along the wall.
At each of the checkpoints, East German soldiers screened diplomats and other officials before they were allowed to enter or leave. Except under special circumstances, travelers from East and West Berlin were rarely allowed across the border.
A foot-tall, 4-foot-wide mass of reinforced concrete was topped with an enormous pipe that made climbing over nearly impossible.The Berlin Wall was a tangible symbol of the suppression of human rights by the Eastern bloc during the Cold War, but Frederick Taylor asks whether it was more convenient to the Western democracies than their rhetoric suggested.
Alarmed by the continuous population drain, the East German Politburo ordered the erection of a wall along the border between West Berlin and East Berlin. On Sunday morning, August 13, , workers began building a three-meter-high concrete wall along the border of the Soviet sector of the city.
Berlin Wall Timeline The Berlin Wall | A Chronology is the year the Berlin Wall was first built, but the conditions that led up to its construction began earlier, shortly after the end of the Second World War in The Berlin Wall During the early years of the Cold War, West Berlin was a geographical loophole through which thousands of East Germans fled to the democratic West.
In response, the Communist East German authorities built . Berlin is very much an accidental capital, whose birth was a mere blip on the map of history.
Some time in the 13th century, itinerant merchants founded a pair of . The Fall of The Berlin Wall. Probably one of the most readily anticipated answers on this list, after all the fall of The Berlin Wall is one of the most famous events in history, but other than reunite the two previously separated regions, how did it really affect Germany?