List and describe six methods of assessment. What is Clinical Assessment? Clinical assessment is not just conducted at the beginning of the process of seeking help but all throughout the process. First, we need to determine if a treatment is even needed.
List and describe seven methods of assessment.
What is Clinical Assessment? Clinical assessment is not just conducted in the beginning of the process of seeking help but all throughout the process. First, we need to determine if a treatment is even needed. Assuming a treatment is needed, our second reason to engage in clinical assessment will be to determine what treatment will work best.
As you will see later in this module, there are numerous approaches to treatment. Of course, for any mental disorder, some of the aforementioned therapies will have greater efficacy than others.
Even if several can work well, it does not mean a particular therapy will work well for that specific client. Assessment can help figure this out.
Finally, we need to know if the treatment we employed worked. This will involve measuring before any treatment is used and then measuring the behavior while the treatment is in place. We will even want to measure after the treatment ends to make sure symptoms of the disorder do not return.
In recap, obtaining the baselines happens in the beginning, implementing the treatment plan that is agreed upon happens more so in the middle, and then making sure the treatment produces the desirable outcome occurs at the end. It should be clear from this discussion that clinical assessment is an ongoing process.
Key Concepts in Assessment Important to the assessment process are three critical concepts — reliability, validity, and standardization.
Actually, these three are important to science in general. First, we want assessment to be reliable or consistent. Outside of clinical assessment, when our car has an issue and we take it to the mechanic, we want to make sure that what one mechanic says is wrong with our car is the same as what another says, or even two others.
If not, the measurement tools they use to assess cars are flawed. The same is true of a patient who is suffering from a mental disorder. If one mental health professional says the person suffers from major depressive disorder and another says the issue is borderline personality disorder, then there is an issue with the assessment tool being used in this case the DSM and more on that in a bit.
Ensuring that two different raters are consistent in their assessment of patients is called interrater reliability. Another type of reliability occurs when a person takes a test one day, and then the same test on another day.
Unless something miraculous or tragic happened over the two days in between tests, the scores on the MMPI should be nearly identical to one another. What does identical mean?
The score at test and the score at retest are correlated with one another. If the test is reliable, the correlation should be very high remember, a correlation goes from In addition to reliability, we want to make sure the test measures what it says it measures.
This is called validity. If the new test measures depression, then the scores on it should be highly comparable to the ones obtained by the BDI. This is called concurrent or descriptive validity. We might even ask if an assessment tool looks valid.A clinical assessment that leads to a diagnosis usually includes the evaluation of symptom and disorder severity, patterns of symptoms over time (number, frequency, and duration of episodes), and the patient's strengths and weaknesses.
B. The speciﬁc tools used in an assessment depend on a clinician’s theoretical orientation C.
Hundreds of clinical assessment tools have been developed and fall into three categories: 1. Clinical interviews 2. Tests 3. Observations II. CHARACTERISTICS OF ASSESSMENT TOOLS A. May 08, · from Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology October 5, Assessment of Mindfulness and Closely Related Constructs: Special Issue of Psychological Assessment.
Study Flashcards On Abnormal Psychology Ch. 4 Clinical Assessment and Diagnosis at alphabetnyc.com Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more.
alphabetnyc.com makes it easy to /5(1). As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
Chapter 1: What is Abnormal Psychology? Chapter Overview; Chapter Outline; Chapter Learning Outcomes; Understanding Abnormal Behavior Section Learning Objectives; Definition of Abnormal Psychology and Psychopathology; Defining Psychological Disorders; What is the Cost of Mental Illness to Society?