Patient Handouts Summary For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful.
Someone who is heavily intoxicated may put himself or herself at greater risk of accidental injury or death.
These alcohol-fueled injuries may occur as the result of car accidents, falls, burns, or drowning. Someone who abuses alcohol is more likely to become involved in violence and more likely to engage in risky sexual activity, including having unprotected sex or having sex with multiple partners.
Another potential danger of alcohol abuse is the possibility of alcohol poisoning. Alcohol poisoning can occur if the level of alcohol in the bloodstream becomes too high.
This can cause a drop in blood pressure, a drop in body temperature, and the cessation of breathing. The person can go into a coma and die from alcohol poisoning.
Often, hospitalization as the result of alcohol abuse is the trigger that sends a problem drinker in search of help. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, over 1.
Common Long-term Effects Alcoholism Help If you are an individual that has suffered alcohol addiction, it is possible for you to get alcoholism help. Read More In addition to the short-term effects, there are also some long-term effects of alcohol abuse. Someone who repeatedly engages in heavy drinking or binge drinking may cause permanent neurological damage that can lead to dementia, stroke, or neuropathy.
A chronic alcohol abuser may also develop cardiovascular disease, liver disease, or gastrointestinal problems over time. The risk of cancer also increases when a person drinks heavily. Some people also develop mental illnesses, such as depression, or experience bouts of anxiety.
People who drink heavily over a long period of time may develop alcoholism. Alcoholism often begins when the person builds up tolerance, a condition in which more alcohol is required to get the same effect because the brain has adapted to the frequent use of alcohol.
Once alcoholism is established, the person may experience withdrawal symptoms whenever he or she goes without alcohol for a while.
These symptoms can include shakiness, insomnia, irritability, fatigue, anxiety, sweating, nausea, headache, depression, and loss of appetite. Someone who has an alcohol problem may struggle with unemployment. Alcohol abuse can make it difficult to get or keep a job.
An alcoholic or alcohol abuser is also more likely to live in poverty than someone who is not an alcoholic.
Someone who abuses alcohol has a higher risk of divorce and a higher risk of being involved in domestic violence.
Even when a couple stays together, alcoholism puts a strain on the marriage relationship. The spouse of an alcoholic may become codependent and start to cover up for the alcoholic. By covering for the other person, the codependent spouse enables the alcoholic to escape the consequences of his or her alcoholism and remain in denial.
When a parent is an alcoholic, it can affect the children as well. Parental alcoholism effects include a higher risk of child abuse or neglect, a higher risk of later drug or alcohol abuse by the child, and long-lasting emotional trauma.
The children of alcoholics may also be more prone to developing mental illness later in life. According to the U. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about two out of every three incidents of domestic violence involve alcohol in some way.
Symptoms of FAS include: Failure to thrive after birth A small head circumference.The effects of alcohol abuse during pregnancy can be long lasting and damage to the developing baby can be severe. According to the Nemours Foundation, about 40, babies are born with Fetal Alcohol Effects, or FAE, every year, and one in every babies is born with the more severe alcohol-related disorder Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, or FAS.
Alcoholism Alcoholism is a progressive and chronic disease that includes controlling drinking, using alcohol even though it causes problems, having physical dependence with alcohol, or having withdrawal symptoms when one tries to cut back or stop consuming alcohol.
problem, and know how to contact the appropriate support groups to provide treatment and aftercare to the physician when needed. CHARACTERISTICS OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE. Aug 31, · A new study published in JAMA Psychiatry this month finds that the rate of alcohol use disorder, or what's colloquially known as “alcoholism,” rose .
The Handbook of Alcoholism Treatment Approaches is a comprehensive, results-based guide to alcohol treatment methods. This handbook surveys the various models that have been used to define alcoholism, ending with a discussion of what the authors call "an informed eclecticism.".
Summary Alcohol consumption can lead to alcohol dependence, or alcoholism, in predisposed individuals. Abuse Is Disastrous for Health Heavy drinking is the most common form of drug abuse.