An essay on general elections in the united kingdom

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An essay on general elections in the united kingdom

As someone who is intensely interested in politics generally, and British and American politics most especially, I am fascinated by the many differences between the political scenes on the two sides of the Atlantic. Inevitably, I am oversimplifying somewhat, but the following differences strike me as instructive.

The United States has a written constitution as does the vast majority of nation states. The UK does not have a single document called the constitution but instead its constitutional provisions are scattered over various Acts of Parliament.

The American constitution is hard to change and, in current political circumstances, perhaps impossible to change in any meaningful respect.

The Equal Rights Amendment - which sought to provide equal rights for women - failed and there has been no succesful amendment of the US Constitution - except for one technical measure - since What for practical purposes constitutes the British Constitution - various Acts of Parliament - can be changed by a simple majority in the legislature.

For instance, the current Coalition Government introduced fixed terms for the House fo Commons by passing the necessary legislation. In the United States, political discourse frequently makes reference to the constitution - typically Republicans arguing that Democratic initiatives are 'unconstitutional'.

Besides the fact that the UK does not have a constitution as such, it is rare for British politicians to argue that the actions or proposals of their opponents are illegal or ultra vires.

In the United States, because of the strict 'separation of the powers' meaning that nobody can be a member of more than one of the three arms of government, no Cabinet member is allowed to be a member of the Congress.

In Britain, every Government Minister must be a member of one of the two Houses of Parliament and, if he or she is not already in the Parliament, then he or she is made a peer that is, a member of the House of Lords.

Although the American political system has a strict 'separation of the powers', members of the Supreme Court the judiciary are nominated by one of the other arms of government the President and approved by one part of another arm of government the Senate which is part of the legislature.

In the UK, almost all members of the upper chamber of the legislature the House of Lords are effectively chosen by the political party leaders in the lower chamber of the legislature the House of Commons. In contrast, the United Kingdom is a monarchy with the head of state being a hereditary member of the royal family although he or she has no real power but only a ceremonial role The USA is a presidential system, with the apex of power in a President elected indirectly through an Electoral College, whereas the UK is a parliamentary system, with the Prime Minister holding office and power so long as he or she commands a majority of votes in the House of Commons.

In theory then, the American President has much more power than the British Prime Minister - he is the commander-in-chief and has the power to issue executive orders which have the full force of law. However, the constitutional system of 'checks and balances' seriously circumscribes the power of the US President who often finds it really difficult to push legislation through Congress.

An essay on general elections in the united kingdom

By contrast, a British Prime Minister usually heads a government with a majority of seats in the House of Commons and the ability to pass almost any legislation that he or she wishes.

In the United States, the transition period between the election of a new president and that person's inaugration is two and half months. In Britain, the changeover of Prime Ministers is virtually immediate - within hours of the election result, one person leaves 10 Downing Street and within the following hour the successor enters it.

A US President is limited by the constitution to two four-year terms in office, whereas there is no limit to the time that a British Prime Minister can serve in the office. In the US, government is highly partisan with the President appointing to the executive colleagues who are almost exclusively from within his own party.I: WAR [] We have heard our political leaders say from time to time that “War is necessary,” “War is a good thing.” They were trying to establish a major premise which would suggest the conclusion, “Therefore let us have a little war now,” or “It is wise, on general .

It can be said that the recent general election has not illustrated that the United Kingdom needs an electoral reform but that the political parties need to agree to have electoral reform in order to form government.

The election results saw no party getting the minimum number of votes required to form a government. There Really Was A Liberal Media Bubble Groupthink produced a failure of the “wisdom of crowds” and an underestimate of Trump’s chances.

Demography of the United Kingdom - Wikipedia

1. WHITLEY AWARDS FOR WILDLIFE CONSERVATION: Two Indians Dr. Ananda Kumar and Dr. Pramod Patil have won the prestigious whitely awards for their contribution to wildlife conservation.

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The awards were presented in a ceremony held in London. A total of 7 Conservationists were awarded the Whitley Awards for their efforts to protect wildlife in Developing countries. In general elections, voting takes place in all parliamentary constituencies of the United Kingdom to elect members of parliament (MPs) to seats in the House of Commons, the dominant (historically termed the lower) house of Parliament.

Misc thoughts, memories, proto-essays, musings, etc. And on that dread day, the Ineffable One will summon the artificers and makers of graven images, and He will command them to give life to their creations, and failing, they and their creations will be dedicated to the flames.

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