Approaches to strategic human resource management

Nevertheless, a grand unifying aspect of scholarship on strategic HRM is the assumption that further insights about managing human resources can be gained through research that treats the many activities involved in managing the workforce as a set of activities that, if properly aligned with the needs of the business, can result in many positive consequences. Central to this definition are three essential constructs: Together, these elements form an HRM system.

Approaches to strategic human resource management

Strategic Human Resource Management - Management - Oxford Bibliographies

Strategic Human Resource Management Abstract Strategic human resource management SHRM has emerged as a significant issue in tandem with the increasing focus being given by the companies to strategy.

Faced with an accelerating changing and unsteady environment, the response of the corporation has been to attempt to create a sound internal configuration that includes human resource management HRM systems.

The key to providing an effective response is to have an HRM system attuned to strategic requirements. The philosophical and academic bases for SHRM, proposed during the past three decades, have followed differing paths.

This project attempts to bring together the differing approaches to SHRM and presents a consolidation and evaluation of these viewpoints.

A discussion highlights the problem of semantics and pinpoints the controversies and contradictions implicit in the different viewpoints.

This project underscores the emerging area of agreement viz. Definition Strategic Human Resource Management is essential to every firm and organization to define its plans and strategies on how the company vision and goals should be aligned and attained through people.

It is founded on the following propositions: Strategic Human resource is a process that encompasses the use of different and wide approaches to the HR strategies' development, which are vertically integrated with the business strategy and horizontally with each other's. These HR strategies outline intents and policies firmly related to the organization goals, such as people management, organizational efficiency, resource management, employee's training and development, reward and recognition, knowledge management and the management of change in structure and culture.

In general, Strategic HRM deals with any major employees' issues that affect or are affected by the strategic plans of the company.

Goals of Strategic HRM The foundation for strategic HRM is the real advantage of having an agreed basis for developing methodologies to people management in the longer term, and this is how a company can achieve a competitive advantage.

Strategic HRM gives a perspective on how to address people's critical issues and success factors; it offers strategic decisions that have long term focus and affect the firm performance either in its success or failure. The goal of strategic HRM is to create special capabilities by ensuring that the firm has what it needed from highly professional, skilled, devoted and motivated employees to create and sustain a competitive advantage in the market.

It is aimed to provide direction and guidance for individuals, in a turbulent business environment, by implementing various HR programs and policies. Also when it comes to strategic HRM, it is essential to take into consideration the interest and benefits of all the stakeholders in the firm, so in addition to the employees, the management and owners of the organization are also key individuals to consider in any strategy before implementing it.

There are two types of strategic HRM: The soft strategic HRM will focus mainly on the security of the employees, their wellbeing, the internal communication process in the organization and the employees' work-life balance. The hard strategic HRM on the other hand, take into account before any strategic decision or even a policy implementation, the profit that the business will get in return of investing in human resources.

So any organization rallying its team to achieve its goals and is following an effective strategy to reach its vision, should obtain and retains its skilled resources by using more often the concept of soft strategic HRM.

However the hard concept comes first in many firms and could not be considered wrong depending on the business and its circumstances but it has been noticed that effective strategic HRM should combine the hard and soft elements to accomplish a proper balance for the benefit of all stakeholders.

Blending Strategies Business strategies are set to achieve a firm's vision, mission and objectives. Different environment, vision, mission, and objectives require different types of strategies and in order to frame and implement these, appropriate type of HRM strategies are required.

This resulted in their popular classification of organizations as defenders, prospectors, and analyzers depending on their strategic behavior and supporting characteristics. These authors attempt to relate the elements in the HRM system across these three types of organizations.

With regard to HRM system, the basic strategy of the defenders, according to them, could be to build human resource, of prospectors could be to acquire human resource, and of analyzers to allocate human resource.

Taking the case of performance appraisal, defenders and analyzers could be process-oriented meaning thereby that they could evaluate performance based on critical incidents and production targets while prospectors could be result-oriented by evaluating performance on profit targets.

Tackling the important question of compensation, defenders could determine it based on the position of a person in the organizational hierarchy, prospectors on performance, and analyzers on a mix of hierarchy and performance popularly referred to as merit-cum-performance basis.

Strategy-focused Approach Several authors e. According to them, HRM is strategy focused and contains certain elements.

Bachelor of Human Resource Management

This means that HRM by its very nature is strategic. The elements of HRM such as recruitment and selection or compensation do not strictly operate in isolation but are derivatives of the requirements of the strategy that an organization employs.

Strategic planning dictates HRM planning. Though desirable and idealistic, this view does not seem to be fully acceptable by the thinkers. There is a feeling that HR planning is to some extent strategic but not in all its aspects.

So the HR strategy should be a derivative of the whole organization strategy and aligned with it, it is an integral part of the business strategy. This is called vertical integration between business and HR strategy to accomplish each other's. Also Horizontal integration with other features of the HR strategy is needed to combine its different elements together.

The purpose is to attain an intelligible approach to managing individuals in a firm in which the various practices are reciprocally supportive. High-commitment management approach As per Waltonone of the main characteristics of HRM is to stress the importance of enhancing mutual commitment and increase the level of trust within the internal relations in an organization.Human resource management (HRM or HR) is the strategic approach to the effective management of organization workers so that they help the business gain a competitive advantage, Commonly referred to as the HR Department [by whom?], it is designed to maximize employee performance in service of an employer's strategic objectives.

[need quotation to verify] HR is primarily concerned with the. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance Luftim CANIA1 The purpose of strategic human resource management is to improve business performance Strategic HRM is a process that involves the use of overarching approaches to the.

To make sure the company is growing the general management talent it will need, the global H.R. director's strategic arm reaches into the career moves of the third pool -- those serving in a group or region -- to engineer appointments across divisions and regions.

The most reasonable approach to human resource planning begins with acquiring knowledge of the human resources function: recruitment and selection, training and development, employee relations, workplace safety, and compensation and benefits.

Approaches to strategic hrm - strategic human resource management - Manu Melwin joy 1. Approaches to Strategic HRM Strategic Human Resource Management 2. Prepared By Kindly restrict the use of slides for personal purpose. Please seek permission to reproduce the same in public forms and presentations.

Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) is a major tool in achieving organizational goals. It involves linking human resource functions (such as recruitment and selection, training and Adopting a strategic approach to recruitment ensures that the real needs of the organization are identified and those needs fulfilled.

Approaches to strategic human resource management

The needs are in.

Strategic Human Resource Management: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT