Joseph Vitolo Two styles of pointed pen calligraphy that have been enjoying a resurgence in popularity are Copperplate and Spencerian scripts. Unfortunately, these two beautiful styles are a point of confusion for some calligraphers who are at a loss to distinguish between them. In this article I will try to demystify the Copperplate-Spencerian enigma. We must start by first clarifying the terminology.
A Document is …: A Document is … any material that contains marks, symbols or signs, either visible, partially visible, or invisible, that may presently or ultimately convey a meaning or message to someone A Document is …: A Questioned Document is …: A Questioned Document is … Any document about which some issue has been raised or which is copper plate handwriting alphabet templates scrutiny A document may be questioned with respect to its: Classes of Questioned Documents: Classes of Questioned Documents Examination: Tools and Equipment for the Questioned Document Examiner: Superimposition - placing or laying of one document over another so that even as both are evident, they appear as single image superimposition PowerPoint Presentation: Side by side Image Display - genuine articles are displayed in usual side by side position Side by side display Tools and Equipment for Questioned Document Examiner: What are needed in Executing Documents?
Tools and Materials used in Execution of Documents: Tools and Materials used in Execution of Documents Paper - made of millions of fibers mixed with water, matted into sheets, and dried Originated from word Papyruswriting material made by pasting together thin slabs of reed sheet in long strips and carefully rolled up on wooden or ivory rods Paper papyrus Tools and Materials used in the execution of Documents: Tools and Materials used in the execution of Documents Ink — fluid or viscous material used to print records India Ink — oldest kind of ink still in use, made with carbon also known as China Ink or Carbon Ink Iron-gall Ink - was improved to become modern blue-black ink used in modern ball-point pens Synthetic Dye Inks: Whether ink is like or different from ink on other parts of the same document, or on another document Whether two writings made with the same kind of ink were made with the same ink, or with different qualities or done in different conditions Manner of making entries on documents: Whether an ink is as old as it purports to be.
Methods of UV Photography: Methods of UV Photography Reflected Method — illuminating the subject with a uv lamp while excluding all visible light in exposing energy Fluorescence Method — subjecting fluorescent materials to ultra-violet rays, often in the visible light spectrum.
The above pictures are an example of UV-excited visible fluorescence. Some of the markings on a banknote, which are almost invisible in ordinary light leftfluoresce strongly when illuminated with near-UV light right.
Visible light illumination was used in both pictures in addition to UV illumination in the second picture.
Methods of Infrared Photography Infrared Reflected Method — done using an infrared film and using small lens openings like f-8 or f Infrared Luminescence Method — done inside a darkroom with materials that luminesce when illuminated with visible light especially in the blue-green region PowerPoint Presentation: In the right picture, viewed with an infrared camera, you can clearly see the text below the ink.
How to Take Care and Handle Recovered Questioned Documents As early as possible the exact physical conditions of every part of a suspected document should be carefully observed and made a matter of definite written record. Thereafter, it should be preserved, as far as possible in exactly the same condition it is in when first recovered.
Directions Necessary in Handling Documents: Directions Necessary in Handling Documents should not be cut, torn, nor mutilated in any manner; should not be touched with an erasernor with any sharp instrument; should not be folded and unfolded unnecessarily; should not be wet; except by special permission, no chemical analysis should be made; portions of questioned document of particular importance should not be encircled that the strokes or portions are affected.
How are Documents Compared for Examination?: How are Documents Compared for Examination? Standards of Comparison condensed and compact set of authentic specimens which, if adequate and proper, should contain a true cross-section of the material from a known source.
Also referred to as exemplars. Kinds of Standards of Comparison: Kinds of Standards of Comparison Requested Standard — requested by an investigator for the purpose of comparative examination Can be assured that the writing is current as it is executed in front of an investigator There is a possibility of intentional distortion Points to be Considered in gathering Procured Standards: Points to be Considered in gathering Procured Standards Amount of standards available more is better than less Similarity of subject matter Approximate date of execution of the writing standard Points to be Considered in obtaining Requested Standards: Methods of Alteration Erasure — eliminates traces of ink on the paper Methods: Mechanical — produces abrasions on paper Chemical — leaves traces in the form of stains Detection: Methods of Alteration Obliteration — obscuring a writing by a series of x-types, haphazard, lines, blots, and smears, etc.
Methods of Alteration Addition — inserting a modifying clause or sentence to change the meaning of a document Indicative Signs: Methods of Alteration Substitution — replacing original entries with another Indicative Signs:Letter-Perfect Craft Ideas For a house that speaks volumes, make clever and thrifty use of words.
and they adhere easily to lengths of thin copper wire with a hot-glue gun. Once tied to a clothes hanger, the dancing phrase can be hung for display anywhere.
create a template by drawing the profile of half a vase. (Paul made two templates. No matter the budget or occasion, alphabetnyc.com has engraved plaques for sale and custom awards for any recipient deserving of recognition and honor.
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These are calligraphy alphabet letters in a Copperplate theme.
Download this set of free calligraphy as individual letter templates from A through Z below. These calligraphy templates come in high resolution A4 pdf format (Portable Document Format).
These are calligraphy alphabet letters in a Copperplate theme. Download this set of free calligraphy as individual letter templates from A through Z below. These calligraphy templates come in high resolution A4 pdf format (Portable Document Format).
Copperplate Practice Sheet 4 Calligraphy, Fonts And Penmanship - - jpeg. Alphabet Script Beautiful Handwriting Alphabet Roman Alphabet Handwriting Fonts Penmanship Typography Alphabet Letter Fonts Cursive Calligraphy Italic Font.
and TONS of other blank paper templates.