In the early s, the United States government began a systematic effort to remove American Indian tribes from the southeast. This acculturation was originally proposed by George Washington and was well under way among the Cherokee and Choctaw by the turn of the 19th century.
Visit Website Did you know? During their invasion of the western Carolinas inBritish soldiers took the young Andrew Jackson prisoner. When Jackson refused to shine one officer's boots, the officer struck him across the face with a saber, leaving lasting scars.
Jackson read law in his late teens and earned admission to the North Carolina bar in He soon moved west of the Appalachians to the region that would soon become the state of Tennesseeand began working as a prosecuting attorney in the settlement that became Nashville.
He later set up his own private practice and met and married Rachel Donelson Robards, the daughter of a local colonel. Jackson grew prosperous enough to build a mansion, the Hermitage, near Nashville, and to buy slaves. InJackson joined a convention charged with drafting the new Tennessee state constitution and became the first man to be elected to the U.
House of Representatives from Tennessee. Though he declined to seek reelection and returned home in Marchhe was almost immediately elected to the U. He was later chosen to head the state militia, a position he held when war broke out with Great Britain in The win, which occurred after the War of officially ended but before news of the Treaty of Ghent had reached Washingtonelevated Jackson to the status of national war hero.
After his forces captured Spanish posts at St. At first he professed no interest in the office, but by his boosters had rallied enough support to get him a nomination as well as a seat in the U.
In a five-way race, Jackson won the popular vote, but for the first time in history no candidate received a majority of electoral votes.
The House of Representatives was charged with deciding between the three leading candidates: Critically ill after a stroke, Crawford was essentially out, and Speaker of the House Henry Clay who had finished fourth threw his support behind Adams, who later made Clay his secretary of state.
Andrew Jackson In the White House Andrew Jackson won redemption four years later in an election that was characterized to an unusual degree by negative personal attacks. Jackson and his wife were accused of adultery on the basis that Rachel had not been legally divorced from her first husband when she married Jackson.
Shortly after his victory inthe shy and pious Rachel died at the Hermitage; Jackson apparently believed the negative attacks had hastened her death. Andrew Jackson and his supporters opposed the bank, seeing it as a privileged institution and the enemy of the common people; meanwhile, Clay and Webster led the argument in Congress for its recharter.
InSouth Carolina adopted a resolution declaring federal tariffs passed in and null and void and prohibiting their enforcement within state boundaries.
While urging Congress to lower the high tariffs, Jackson sought and obtained the authority to order federal armed forces to South Carolina to enforce federal laws.
Violence seemed imminent, but South Carolina backed down, and Jackson earned credit for preserving the Union in its greatest moment of crisis to that date. Supreme Court ruling that Georgia had no authority over Native American tribal lands.The Indian Removal Act was signed by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, The law authorized the president to negotiate with southern Native American tribes for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their lands.
Robert V. Remini shows that Andrew Jackson’s Indian Removal Act benefits the Native Americans. Andrew Jackson made notice of the issue with the Indians in his inaugural speech on March 4, The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, , authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
A few tribes went peacefully, but many resisted the relocation policy. During the fall and winter of and , the Cherokees were . On the other hand, Alfred A. Cave disagreed with Robert Remini’s view that Andrew Jackson’s Removal Act did in fact benefit the Natives.
Cave believed that the Act did not authorize giving land rights to the Native Americans nor did it allow their forced removal. Get an answer for 'How did President Andrew Jackson justify Indian Removal?' and find homework help for other History, Jackson, Andrew questions at eNotes.
On the other hand, Alfred A. Cave disagreed with Robert Remini’s view that Andrew Jackson’s Removal Act did in fact benefit the Natives. Cave believed that the Act did not authorize giving land rights to the Native Americans nor did it allow their forced removal.