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Origins[ edit ] William van MildertBishop of Durham and one of the founders of the university The strong tradition of theological teaching in Durham gave rise to various attempts to form a university there, notably under King Henry VIII and Oliver Cromwellwho issued letters patent and nominated a proctor and fellows for the establishment of a college in The church university, —[ edit ] An examination taking place in Cosin's LibraryDurham Castle gatehouse pictured houses University Collegemaking it one of the oldest buildings currently being used to house a university in the world   The university opened on 28 October In all but two of the bishops of the Church of England confirmed that they would accept holders of Durham degrees for ordination.
In a fundamental statute was passed by the Dean English grammar qs paper Chapter, as governors of the University, setting up Convocation and laying down that Durham degrees would only be open to members of the Church of England.
Regulations for degrees were finalised in and the university was incorporated by Royal Charter granted by William IV on 1 June as the "Warden, Masters and Scholars of the University of Durham", with the first students graduating a week later.
On the accession of Queen Victoria an order of the Queen-in-Council was issued granting the use of Durham Castle previously a palace of the Bishop of Durham to the university. Those attending University College were expected to bring a servant with them to deal with cooking, cleaning and so on.
Elsewhere, the university expanded from Durham into Newcastle in when the medical school there established in became a college of the university. St Cuthbert's Society was founded in for non-collegiate, mostly mature, male students as a non-residential society run by the students themselves.
Two teacher-training colleges — St Hild's for women, established inand The College of the Venerable Bede for men, established in also existed in the city and these merged to form the mixed College of St Hild and St Bede in From these were associated with the university and graduates of St Hild's were the first female graduates from Durham in During its expansion phase the University also became the first English university to establish relationships with overseas institutions;  firstly in with Codrington CollegeBarbados, and secondly in early with Fourah Bay CollegeSierra Leone.
Medical degrees in Newcastle were exempt from this requirement from the start of the affiliation of the medical school, but in Durham it lasted until the revision of the statutes in However, "dissenters" were able to attend Durham and then sit the examinations for degrees of the University of Londonwhich were not subject to any religious test.
A parliamentary bill proposed in would have fixed the seat of the university in Durham for only ten years, allowing the Senate to choose to move to Newcastle after this.
This was blocked by a local MP [ who?
This reform also removed the university from the authority of the Dean and Chapter of Durham Cathedralwho had been the governors of the university since its foundation. St Aidan's Society St Aidan's College from was founded in to cater for non-resident women and the decision was made to expand further on Elvet Hill where the science site had been established in the srelocating St Mary's College, building new men's colleges, vastly expanding the existing pure science provision in Durham, and adding applied science and engineering In the same year, tensions surfaced again over the Durham-Newcastle divide, with a proposal to change the name of the university to the "University of Durham and Newcastle".
This motion was defeated in Convocation the assembly of members of the university by votes to The Graduate Society, catering for postgraduate students, was founded in renamed Ustinov College in and the now closed Roman Catholic seminary of Ushaw Collegewhich had been in Durham sincewas licensed as a hall of residence in In Hatfield, the last men's college, became mixed; followed by the women's college of Trevelyan inleaving the original women's college of St Mary's as the last single-sex college.
However, Teesside, which had only become a university inhad difficulties in taking on its responsibilities for the college and withdrew inDurham taking over full responsibility for UCS and the degrees to be awarded there.
Inher golden jubilee year, the Queen granted the title "Queen's Campus" to the Stockton site. This was the first new college to open in Durham itself since the creation of Collingwood in the s. Durham City and Queen's Campus, Stockton.
The two locations are connected via a free bus service that runs frequently throughout the week.
One of the major public attractions in Durham City is the 7.Learn how to prepare English for SBI PO Prelims & Mains in 1 Month!
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The questions are divided into the following parts: E Grammar Q. 51‐65 F Writing Q. 66‐ Durham University (legally the University of Durham) is a collegiate public research university in Durham, North East England, founded by an Act of Parliament in and granted a royal charter in It was one of the first universities to commence tuition in England for more than years, after Oxford and Cambridge, and is one of the institutions (along with University College London.
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