European Union[ edit ] In the European Unionthe frontier is the region beyond the expanding borders of the European Union itself.
European Union[ edit ] In the European Unionthe frontier is the region beyond the expanding borders of the European Union itself. EU has designated the countries surrounding it as part of the European Neighbourhood. This is a region of primarily less-developed countries, many of which aspire to become part of the union.
Current applicants include Turkey and many small countries in the Balkans and South Caucasus. Romania and Bulgaria joined EU in If all or most East European states become members, the frontier may be the boundaries with Russia and Turkey. Muscovy and Russia[ edit ] The expansion of Russia to the north, south Wild Fields and east Siberiathe Russian Far East and Russian Alaska exploited ever-changing frontier regions over several centuries and often involved the development and settlement of Cossack communities.
Settlers at the frontier thus frequently referred to themselves as "the outsiders" or "outside residents" and Frontier thesis in canada the area in which they lived as "the outside districts". At times one might hear the "frontier" described as "the outside borders". The use of the word "frontier" was thus frequently connected to descriptions of frontier violence, as in a letter printed in the Sydney Morning Herald in December which described murder and carnage at the northern frontier and calling for the protection of the settlers saying: American frontierBritish colonization of the AmericasFrench colonization of the Americasand Spanish colonization of the Americas Voyageurs passing a waterfall The word "frontier" has often meant a region at the edge of a settled area, especially in North American development.
It was a transition zone where explorers, pioneers and settlers were arriving. Frederick Jackson Turner said that "the significance of the frontier" was that as pioneers moved into the "frontier zone," they were changed by the encounter.
For example, Turner argues that in the United States inunlimited free land in this zone was available, and thus offered the psychological sense of unlimited opportunity. This, in turn, had many consequences such as optimism, future orientationshedding the restraints of land scarcity, and the wastage of natural resources.
In the earliest days of European settlement of the Atlantic coast, the frontier was any part of the forested interior of the continent lying beyond the fringe of existing settlements along the coast and the great rivers, such as the St. English, French, Spanish and Dutch patterns of expansion and settlement were quite different.
Only a few thousand French migrated to Canada. These habitants settled in villages along the St. Lawrence river, building communities that remained stable for long stretches, rather than leapfrogging west the way the English and later Americans did.
Although French fur traders ranged widely through the Great Lakes and Mississippi River watersheds, as far as the Rocky Mountainsthey did not usually settle down. French settlement in these areas was limited to a few very small villages on the lower Mississippi and in the Illinois Country.
They did not push westward. The typical English settlements were quite compact and small—under 3 square kilometres 1 square mile.The frontier thesis and the Canadas: the debate on the impact of the Canadian environment / edited by Michael S.
FC F76 Histoire mythique et paysage symbolique = Mythic history and symbolic landscape: actes du projet d'échange Laval-Queen's, octobre , octobre , rencontres de Québec et de Kingston / sous la direction de Serge Courville et Brian Osborne.
AHA About AHA & Membership AHA History and Archives Historical Archives The Significance of the Frontier in American History. In This Section this is a short version of the essay subsequently published in Turner's essay collection, The Frontier in American and the Dominion of Canada.
The trading posts reached by these trails . The "frontier thesis" remained hugely influential until the s. (The History of the Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada  and Montcalm and Wolfe ) and the heroic deeds of great explorers and missionaries like La Salle and the French Jesuits.
The frontier thesis and the Canadas: the debate on the impact of the Canadian environment. [Michael S Cross;] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help.
Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Create. A third element of the framework tests the validity of Turner's Frontier Thesis and Creighton's Metropolitan Thesis when applied to northern Canada.
The fourth element consists of an overview of major northern environmental trends. The final element consists of four interrelated themes that identify the environmental relationships between.
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