Namocatcat We shall begin with the question- As a Filipino; do you consider yourself to be a patriotic person? The Philippines is an area known for its rich society and customs, having been involved and impacted by various countries including Spain, America, and Japan. The colonial history of the Philippines is the essential element in the presence of colonial mindset among its people. It is accepted to be a result of over four centuries of colonization under Spain and the United States of America.
The current trend in the Philippines is very far from what former President Carlos P. Garcia had envisioned when he initiated the Filipino First Policy during his administration. Although there are Filipinos who try to follow the path of nationalism that Jose Rizal and other heroes had taken, there are more who are driven by colonial mentality.
Colonial mentality is often held accountable for the backwardness of the Philippine economy and country as a whole. Its impacts can be deteriorating to the nation in various aspects especially if left not scrutinized and undirected to a more nationalistic mentality.
David and Okazaki conceptualized colonial mentality among Filipinos and Filipino Americans as a form of internalized oppression, characterized by a perception of ethnic or cultural inferiority.
It involves an automatic and unreasonable rejection of anything Filipino and an instinctive and uncritical preference for anything Western or foreign. Its scope is not limited to the patronage of foreign products but also involves the choice of language, concept of beauty, educational system, laws and policies, and even political system.
Filipinos with the colonial mentality are unconscious most of the time that they exhibit this type of mindset.
Development of Filipino Colonial Mentality The colonial history of the Philippines is the primary factor in the existence of colonial mentality among its constituents. It is believed to be a consequence of more than four centuries of colonization under Spain and the United States of America.
According to the theories of Memmi, Fanon, and Freire, a salient effect of colonization is the internalization of the inferior perception that is imposed on a person by the colonizer as cited in David and Okazaki, Fanon formulated the classical colonial model which describes four phases of colonization as cited in David and Okazaki, The first phase involves forced entry of the colonizers in a territory with the purpose of exploiting its natural resources and inhabitants.
The second phase follows, wherein a colonial society is established to disintegrate and recreate the existing culture. In this phase, the colonizers impose their own customs on the inhabitants to create a contrast between their superiority over the latter. In the third stage, the colonizers employ oppression and domination.
They portray the inhabitants as savage people that need to be controlled. The three stages eventually lead to the final phase where a race-based societal system exists and the political, social, and economic institutions in the colony are devised to benefit the colonizers and continually subjugate the colonized.
Applying the aforementioned model to the Philippine context, the Spanish colonization was a period of suffering and cruelty. Filipinos were treated ruthlessly and considered as second class citizens which brought about their lack of ethnic pride.
They were caught in a hierarchy of inferiority; the mestizos bowed to the criollos offspring of Spanish parentsthe criollos to the peninsulares those with parents born in Spainwhile the Indios or the Filipinos knelt before everyone Duldulao, The level of the social and economic development that the Filipinos had attained before colonization is also a factor in the development of their colonial mentality.
The communities consisted of separate, autonomous barangays whose contact with one another was only occasional and by barter only Constantino, The Spaniards forcibly resettled the scattered barangays into larger communities where the people could more easily be Christianized and where every aspect of their lives, their customs and ideas could be scrutinized and shaped in the desired colonial mode.
The introduction of a religion which was an alien concept for Filipinos made physical conquest and cultural domination quite easy for the Spanish colonizers. Contrary to Cambodia and Indonesia, the Philippines had no Angkor Wat, Borobodur or any monument that could remind its people of their ancestral origin Constantino, Countries that have advanced social structures and a firmly established culture would be able to confront colonizers with dignity and would not lose their sense of racial worth.
In the Philippine experience, colonization occurred before Filipinos could develop a sufficient society so foreign influence easily penetrated their culture.
The culture and Philippine values system are also factors in the acquisition of colonial mentality. One of the goals of the Philippine values system is social acceptance which lies on the values of smooth interpersonal relationship, amor propio self-esteem and hiya shame MacDonald, Raymundo and Panopio, Filipinos by nature aspire to be admired by other people and they persevere in saving their faces from embarrassment, this desire is also an outcome brought by their colonial history.The sloganeering about “colonial mentality” among Filipinos may be better understood by determining its impact after a finer dissection of the population.
First, this item. I do not think that “colonial mentality” is an earthshaking phenomenon among the 40% of Filipinos who are living on less than a dollar a day.
A Study of Social Relations and Colonial Mentality among Second-Generation Filipino Americans and It's Impact on Identity Development: Consent Narrative I would like you to participate in a research study conducted by Michelle Panelo, Undergraduate of Social and Behavioral Science to be used for a Senior Capstone project at California State University, Monterey Bay.
Impacts of Colonial Mentality Among Filipinos Essay Sample Despite the rapid growing of Filipino communities throughout the United States.
this population remains understudied and underserved by the mental wellness attention system (Sue & A ; Sue. ). NOTE: The Edward Said YouTube videos on "Orientalism a a Tool of Colonialism" (Parts ) are more about the Arab World; but analytically and conceptually applies to our "colonial mentality" in Filipino setting.
Access Parts when you watch Part 1 above. A Study of Social Relations and Colonial Mentality among Second-Generation Filipino Americans and It's Impact on Identity Development: helping individuals gain an understanding of the effects of Philippine's historical relationship with the U.S.
on Filipinos and Filipino-Americans. May 17, · Filipinos with the colonial mentality are oblivious more often than not that they show this sort of outlook. The development of such a mentality is a product of the Philippines’ experiences.
Filipinos are afflicted with a colonial mentality which is one of the long-term effects brought by the colonial era.